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Goal: This study has examined cataloguing and classiﬁcation in the era of artiﬁcial intelligence, beneﬁts, and challenges from the perspective of cataloguing librarians in Oyo state, Nigeria.
Methodology: The study adopted a purely qualitative method using interviews for data collection. The target population was the cataloguing and classiﬁcation librarians in academic libraries in Southwest Nigeria. The sample comprised 21 cataloguing and classiﬁcation librarians working in the cataloguing and classiﬁcation section of 10 university libraries in Southwest Nigeria. Four research questions were developed and answered.
Findings/Results: The ﬁndings revealed that cataloguing librarians are aware of the application of artiﬁcial intelligence for cataloguing and classiﬁcation. Artiﬁcial intelligence enhances automatic cataloguing and classiﬁcation using optical character recognition, assists in undertaking stressful work that humans may struggle to do; completes tasks faster than a human being and enables libraries to provide accurate cataloguing and classiﬁcation services with fewer errors; saving time and money, assisting libraries to create metadata for digital resources and allowing cataloguing to increase the speed of metadata generation. The challenges associated with the application of AI to cataloguing and classiﬁcation practices from the perspective of cataloguing and classiﬁcation librarians are funding, irregular power supply and inadequate skilled personnel to handle AI. Currently, there is no strategic plan in place for the implementation of AI for cataloguing and classiﬁcation in academic libraries in Nigeria.
Originality and Values: Based on the ﬁndings, the study recommends that a strategic plan should be initiated in all academic libraries in Nigeria to allow the real-life practice of using AI for cataloguing and classiﬁcation.
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